Brophy was a novelist, critic and social reform campaigner with her causes including animal rights, feminism, gay rights and authors’ rights.
She is credited with having triggered the formation of the animal rights movement. Her 1953 novel Hackenfeller’s Ape strongly demonstrated her advocacy for animal rights was awarded first prize at Cheltenham Literary Festival.
Following the 1967 legalisation of homosexuality in Britain, Brophy was amongst the first to demand equal marriage rights for gay couples, an extremely controversial stance at the time.
In 1967, she co-wrote Fifty works of English and American Literature We Could Do Without, which critiqued the canonisation of outdated works. Whilst met with outdated controversy, its publication resulted in numerous American and British universities updating their reading lists to include more modern authors.